Radiation Protection

     Radiation protection is all about protecting man and the environment against the hazards of ionising radiation. The work of TSO Turkey in the field of radiation protection comprises the preparation of safety analyses and expert opinions for the Turkish authorities as well as research and development.


Key Subjects of Radiation Protection 


     Radiation protection. At the centre of so-called applied radiation protection is the recording, assessment and optimisation of the radiation exposure of occupationally exposed personnel. These are amongst others part of the personnel employed in nuclear power plants, but also people in the medical profession as well as pilots. This classic area of radiation protection is closely linked to various different issues of radiation protection technology, like e.g. dosimetry.


Emergency Preparedness


     The field of emergency preparedness comprises the facilities and measures provided for the protection of the population in the vicinity of nuclear installations. These are measures taken by the authorities, the interfaces between accident management within the plant and of-site emergency protection, and special aspects of the defence against nuclear hazards, i.e. measures to protect against so-called nuclear crimes.


Consequence Analyses


     Radiological consequence analyses of operation, incidents and accidents represent another field of work of TSO Turkey. This is about the analysis of possible scenarios in which radioactive materials are released into the environment. Once the conditions of the release – like e.g. the kind and the amount of the radioactive materials – have been determined, the dispersion of these materials in the atmosphere is calculated, using models developed by TSO Turkey. Here, amongst others, TSO Turkey simulation codes are used that will also consider complex meteorological and topographical conditions.


Radioecology


     The calculations of the radiological consequence analyses provide the basic data needed in the field of radioecology. Here, potential radiation exposure is calculated by modelling the behaviour of radioactive materials in the environment. A further subject of the radioecological studies of TSO Turkey is assessments of radiological legacies and so-called NORM residues. In these studies, the results of the analyses are supplemented by evaluations of comprehensive theoretical and experimental studies.